Born in Warsaw (Poland) in 1954, he graduated in Political Science, with a specialisation in international politics, at the Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali (LUISS, formerly Pro Deo) in Rome in 1976.
He has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of FINCANTIERI S.p.A. since May 2016.
He is a Cavaliere di Gran Croce (i.e., highest ranking honour for meritorious service or achievement) of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
Main Councilman of the "Società Dante Alighieri".
Member of the Board of Directors of the Italian Society for International Organisation (SIOI), of the Board of Directors of the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), of the Executive Committee of ASPEN Institute Italia, of the Assonime Council, of the Advisory Board of LUISS Alumni, of the Italian Trilateral Commission Group, of the Advisory Board of Studio Legale Gatti Pavesi Bianchi and of the Executive Committee of the International Chamber of Commerce of Paris and of the Advisory Board of the Atlantic Council of Washington DC.
President of the Strategic Committee of the degree course in "Global Governance" at the University of Rome Tor Vergata, of the Scientific Committee of the "Festival della Diplomatia", of the Istituto Studi Politica Internazionale (ISPI), of the EURISPES International Observatory.
Holder of the course "National interest, national security in a complex world" at Sciences Po University in Paris and of the course "National interest, national security and international relations" at the School of Government of LUISS University in Rome.
In 1977/78 he worked for FIAT in Turin, dealing with "country risk" analysis and support for the Group's international activities.
He joined the diplomatic service in May 1978 and has held posts at the Embassy to the Holy See, the Embassy in Moscow and the Permanent Representation to the European Union in Brussels (as Italian spokesperson in the working groups for environmental and energy policy, for State aid and industrial policy).
He was then Deputy Diplomatic Adviser to the President of the Council of Ministers and, since June 1994, Head of the President's Secretariat.
In June 1996, he returned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Head of the Press and Information Service and the Minister's Spokesperson.
In 2004, he became Director General for Multilateral Political Affairs and Human Rights and then Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Foreign Affairs. On 2 January 2006 he was appointed Ambassador and became Director General of Personnel.
In September 2007 he was appointed Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the highest appointment in the Italian diplomatic career.
From April 2008 to 31 December 2009, he was appointed as personal representative (Sherpa) of the President of the Council of Ministers for the G8 and the G20 Forums and was inter alia responsible, in that capacity, for coordinating the general topic of the Italian Council for the G8 Forum in 2009 and the preparation of the Summit in L'Aquila.
On 11 May 2012, he was appointed by the President of the Council as Director General of the Department of Information for Security, a position he held until May 2016.