He was born in Warsaw (Poland) in 1954, and graduated in Political Science, specializing in international politics, at the Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali (LUISS) in Rome in 1976.
Since May 2016 he has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of FINCANTIERI S.p.A.
Since January 2017 he has been Chairman of the Institute for International Politics Studies (“ISPI”).
He is a Cavaliere di Gran Croce (i.e. highest ranking honour for meritorious service or achievement) of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic and Consigliere Centrale of the “Società Dante Alighieri”.
He is member of the Governing Board of the Società Italiana per l’Organizzazione Internazionale (SIOI), the Steering Committee of the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), the Steering Committee of the Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali (LUISS), the strategic policy group of the LUISS School of European Political Economy (SEP), the Advisory Board of Studio Legale Gatti Pavesi Bianchi and the Executive Committee of International Chamber of Commerce of Paris.
He is Chairperson of the strategic committee of the graduate program in “Global Governance” at the University of Rome Tor Vergata, member of the Executive Committee of the Aspen Institute Italia and Chairperson of the Scientific Committee of “Diplomatia”.
In 1977-78, he worked for FIAT in Turin, at the Directorate for Economic and Social Relations and subsequently at the Directorate for European Community Affairs and International Affairs.
In May 1978, at the age of 23, he began a career in diplomatic service. From 1980 to 1982 he served at the Embassy to the Holy See, and thereafter, from 1982 to 1985, as First Secretary to the Economics and Commerce Sector at the Embassy in Moscow. From 1985 to 1988, he was spokesman of the Italian delegation in the work groups overseeing environment and energy policy, State aid and industrial policy at the Permanent Representation to the European Union in Brussels.
In 1990 he served at the diplomatic office of the President of the Council of Ministers, when in 1993, in Prime Minister Ciampi’s Cabinet, he became Deputy Diplomatic Advisor. In 1994, he was at the head of the Secretariat of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers during Prime Minister Berlusconi’s first Cabinet, and then in Prime Minister Dini’s Cabinet.
In June 1996, he entered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Head of the Press and Information Service and the Minister’s Spokesman. On 23 December 1997 he was appointed Envoy.
From December 2001 to March 2004, he was Deputy Secretary General of the Italian Foreign Ministry; from March to November 2004 he was Director General for Multilateral Political Affairs and Human Rights; and from 20 November 2004 he was Head of the Cabinet of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under Minister Gianfranco Fini.
On 2 January 2006 he was appointed Ambassador.
From May 2006 to April 2007 he was Directorate-General for Personnel.
In September 2007 he was appointed Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the highest appointment in the Italian diplomatic career.
From April 2008 to 31 December 2009, he was appointed as personal representative (Sherpa) of the President of the Council of Ministers for the G8 and the G20 Forums and was inter alia responsible, in that capacity, for coordinating the general topic of the Italian Council for the G8 Forum in 2009 and the preparation of the Summit in Aquila.
On 11 May 2012, he was appointed by the Prime Minister of Italy, Mario Monti, as Director General of the Security Intelligence Department.