We are bound by laws and regulations to protect the environment and people’s health that impose limits on atmospheric emissions, discharges into water and soil and that set rules for the treatment of hazardous waste and the reclamation of any polluted sites.
Energy efficiency and savings are a priority for us and we are committed to gradually improving our energy performance in order to obtain greater efficiency and guarantee the sustainability of our activities.
The Parent Company has set up a structure and organizational process aimed at preparing annual site energy diagnoses and identifying improvement plans to continuously improve the Company's energy performance. In line with the Parent Company's approach, foreign subsidiaries have also launched initiatives to reduce energy consumption and implement more efficient technologies. In particular, mass replacements of lights with new LED lights has been started in the US production sites and automatic switch off systems have been installed in ventilation, air intake and air conditioning systems.
We are committed to increasing the share of electricity from renewable sources. In 2020, 100% of the electricity needed to satisfy the demand of Italian production sites and companies, and that of the Romanian yards, was purchased and sourced from renewable sources (hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic) certified with Guarantees of Origin (GO).
Taking also into account the contribution of the subsidiary VARD in relation to its Norwegian sites, 86% of the electricity consumed by the entire Group comes from renewable sources.
Water is a precious natural resource whose availability is increasingly limited owing to climate change, therefore safeguarding it is one of the main commitments in Fincantieri’s Environmental Policy and is also one of the aims of the communication/awareness project, aimed at promoting virtuous and eco-sustainable day-to-day behaviour.
At the level of individual shipyards, as part of the environmental management systems, we continuously monitor the measures implemented to ensure the optimization of water quantity and quality. We also monitor water consumption during the production cycle, planning and implementing specific maintenance interventions aimed at saving water resources, such as for instance: leak tests and works to restore the distribution networks, installation of timed mixers and implementation of more efficient gasification systems serving the technical gas tanks.
We are committed to launching a multi-year study for Fincantieri S.p.A. with the aim of investigating, based on the type of water withdrawal, the relative impact of each production plant in the value chain.
In 2020, we carried out an assessment of water stress areas using the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas software.
As regards water discharges, in accordance with the authorization profiles of the different shipyards, we regularly carry out sampling and laboratory analysis in order to monitor the quality of the discharges and guarantee that the limits laid down by the law concerning specific analytes (in particular, heavy metals and COD - Chemical Oxygen Demand). With a view to continuous improvement, we are reviewing existing plant solutions and evolving towards new technological solutions.
Procurement of raw materials has a strategic role for our activity.
In 2020, we consolidated the process of material selection and procurement, based on which the environmental impact of materials in their life cycle is assessed at the design stage. Even while preparing specific contractual techniques, needed for the procurement process, materials for the interiors are identified that, though possessing the same technical, qualitative and compliance characteristics, are also environmentally compatible.
The main raw materials present in the Group’s production cycle are:
- iron for the hull;
- copper for the electric wiring and automation;
- steel, iron, plastics and other iron and non-iron alloys for the piping installed on board;
- welding materials;
- paint products.
For the most commonly used paint products in shipbuilding, the involvement of suppliers has enabled new low-solvent or water-based products to be introduced into the design specifications.
We promote responsible waste management by boosting separate collection for recycling. The criteria identified for managing processing residues and waste disposal are included in the Company guidelines, which are incorporated and detailed in the procedures of each production unit for managing the site’s specificities. In the Italian sites, in 2020 86% of total waste was recycled.
The layout of the production cycle, characterized by specific sequences of the processing phases, makes it possible to optimize the choice and introduction of the materials used upstream and, therefore, to organize the waste sorting and collection methods correctly. In accordance with this organizational model, waste produced by our activities is delivered to authorized sites according to its classification and, in line with the policies adopted by the Group, recovery destinations are favoured and maximized.
The VARD group identifies the optimization of recovery activities as a priority: in 2020, waste sent for recovery amounted to over 90% of the total waste produced. In the United States, Fincantieri Marine Group has specific policies and procedures for waste management and the continuous improvement of processes; thanks to consolidation of the actions undertaken, data on production and recovery are higher than 50%.
Through corporate and local initiatives, we promote a model of sustainable mobility management that concretely affects the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, leading to a change in established habits with a greener perspective.
A Company digital car pooling service is active in Fincantieri S.p.A. and in the Group's Italian subsidiaries. This service is designed to provide and encourage an alternative sustainable solution for home/work journeys by sharing the use of personal cars. The system makes it easy for employees to get in touch with each other, certify the results in terms of energy and environmental savings and access a reward system that encourages participation in the initiative and helps to change established habits.
Company policy promotes the use of public transport for work journeys whenever this is possible and does not create excessive difficulties for travel, thus avoiding recourse to car use. The agreement with the provider of welfare services allows for the reimbursement of season tickets issued for use on public transport.
In the field of sustainable mobility, the installation of electric charging points has been completed at all Italian production sites.
We are also investing in improved technology that improves the use of video and teleconferencing to reduce employee travel for work purposes.
In 2020, business travel was suspended or limited due to the pandemic. In total, Group employees made business trips of more than 21.7 million kilometres compared to 67.6 million in 2019 with a reduction of 68%.
With regard to the fleet of Company cars for personal and business use, as with the fleet of service vehicles, the gradual replacement of current vehicles with hybrid vehicles is underway.
In the United States Fincantieri Marinette Marine has also adopted a travel policy and the use of company vehicles is restricted within the shipyard.
Greenhouse gas emissions
In 2020, our total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from direct emissions from sources owned by or under the control of the Group (Scope 1), indirect emissions from electricity consumption (Scope 2) and other indirect emission (Scope 3) amounted to 594,441 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) compared to 834,632 tCO2e in 2019.
Our energy efficiency measures and the increased use of energy from renewable sources (86%) have led to a significant reduction in indirect emissions from electricity consumption.
We constantly monitor our emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) with the aim of achieving continuous improvements in terms of impact.
To reduce CO2 emissions, starting in 2015 we implemented measures aimed at reducing leaks in the CO2 distribution network (used in welding) and we set up electrical points for ships under construction or maintenance in order to contain the need to produce energy using the onboard systems.
Similar systems have been launched at some Norwegian shipyards in the VARD group, which is equally sensitive to these issues and constantly seeks new methods to improve its operational practices and minimize the impact of emissions from its industrial activities.
The reporting of other (Scope 3) emissions refers to the procurement chain for raw materials, employee travel, water consumption, waste disposal and consumption of raw materials.
As regards the optimization of material logistics, in Italy the project to centralize delivery planning (Control Tower), launched in 2014, has the goal of managing the shipyards' delivery requests in order to reduce transport costs, improve reliability and timeliness of deliveries and reduce environmental impact. In particular, this project has enabled polluting emissions to be reduced by:
- planning deliveries using the outgoing and return formula;
- increasing vehicle saturation (combing multiple delivery requests into a single carrier).
In 2020, notwithstanding the crisis arising from the pandemic, the project led to the reduction of 1,165 journeys (corresponding to 404,203 km) and a saving of 270 t of CO2, equal to the average CO2 absorbed in one year by around 45 hectares of forest.
Other emissions of polluting gases
We also monitor and report on other emissions of polluting gases. The conversion of most of the heating networks in the Italian shipyards has involved the elimination of heavy combustibles and the introduction of methane systems, resulting in negligible sulphur oxide (SOx) emissions.
VARD and Fincantieri Marine Group have also significantly reduced SOx emissions.
With a view to continuous improvement, the VARD group continues to research new approaches to contain and minimize the impact of emissions resulting from industrial activities. The group's commitment is also demonstrated by its participation, since 2008, in the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprises' NOx-Fund, whose primary objective is to reduce emissions of NOx.
Fincantieri's production sites are individually subject to environmental permits that prescribe specific limits on the maximum consumption and total emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the atmosphere. Compliance with these limits is pursued, even when production volumes are increasing, by planning a gradual replacement of the products used with alternatives with a lower solvent content and by adopting appropriate system measures to reduce emissions. The areas dedicated to sandblasting and painting activities are equipped with abatement equipment, most of them with a post-combustion system that eliminates VOCs released during processing.
In 2020, we invested 12.3 million euros in environmental protection.
In particular, the Parent Company has consolidated its commitment to implementing initiatives aimed at continuous improvement regarding the impact on all environmental compartments. The main ones regarded:
- the systems for collecting, conveying and treating rainwater;
- the noise containment measures related to production;
- the extraction and treatment systems for welding fumes;
- the sandblasting and painting activities.
€ 12.3 mln
for environmental protection