We are also bound by laws and regulations to protect the environment and people’s health that impose limits on atmospheric emissions, discharges into water and soil and that set rules for the treatment of hazardous waste and the reclamation of any polluted sites.
Energy efficiency and savings are a priority for us and we are committed to gradually improving our energy performance in order to obtain greater efficiency and guarantee the sustainability of our activities.
The Parent Company has set up a structure and organizational process aimed at preparing annual site energy diagnoses and identifying improvement plans to continuously improve the company's energy performance.
In line with the Parent Company's approach, foreign subsidiaries have also launched initiatives to reduce energy consumption and implement more efficient technologies. In particular, mass replacements of lights with new LED lights has been started in the US production sites and automatic switch off systems have been installed in ventilation, air intake and air conditioning systems.
We are committed to increasing the share of electricity from renewable sources. In 2019, about 50% of the electricity needed to satisfy the demand of Italian production sites and companies was purchased and sourced from renewable sources (hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic) certified with Guarantees of Origin (GO).
Taking also into account the contribution of the subsidiary VARD in relation to its Norwegian sites, 40% of the electricity consumed by the entire Group comes from renewable sources.
Water is a precious natural resource whose availability is increasingly limited owing to climate change, therefore safeguarding it is one of the main commitments in Fincantieri’s Environmental Policy.
Each Fincantieri production site, certified in accordance with ISO 14001, draws up its own site policy, which is binding for all workers.
We monitor water consumption during the production cycle and we plan and implement plant works aimed at saving water in the shipyards, such as, for example: leak tests and works to restore the distribution networks, installation of timed mixers and implementation of more efficient gasification systems serving the technical gas tanks.
We have implemented initiatives to promote virtuous and eco-sustainable behaviours in everyday actions, including in our offices.
As regards water discharges, in accordance with the authorization profiles of the different shipyards, we carry out sampling and laboratory analysis in order to ensure compliance with the limits laid down by the law for analytes subject to monitoring, including the presence of heavy metals. With a view to continuous improvement, we are reviewing existing plant solutions and evolving towards new technological solutions.
Procurement of raw materials has a strategic role for our activity. In recent years more significance has been given to the selection of materials in order to reduce their environmental impact as much as possible. Even while preparing specific contractual techniques, needed for the procurement process, materials for the interiors are identified that, though possessing the same technical, qualitative and compliance characteristics, are also environmentally compatible.
The main raw materials present in the Group’s production cycle are:
- iron for the hull;
- copper for the electric wiring and automation;
- steel, iron, plastics and other iron and non-iron alloys for the piping installed on board;
- welding materials;
- paint products.
For the most commonly used paint products in shipbuilding, joint initiatives have been carried out with the major suppliers on the market to identify low-solvent or waterbased alternatives.
We promote responsible waste management by boosting separate collection for recycling.
A specific set of guidelines for the collection of process residues and waste disposal contains the criteria to be adopted in order to manage the residues produced during processing. In the Italian sites, around 75% of total waste is recycled.
The VARD group identifies the optimization of recovery activities as a priority: in 2019, waste sent for recovery amounted to about 90% of the total waste produced. In the United States, Fincantieri Marine Group has specific waste management policies and procedures and aims to continuously improve its waste management processes. In 2019, thanks to the activities implemented, the total waste produced had fallen by 67% and 56% had been sent to recovery.
Various initiatives were implemented to reduce paper consumption, such as the digitalization of documents to create digital archives and setting printers to print on both sides of the sheet as the default setting.
Through corporate and local initiatives, we promote a model of sustainable mobility management that concretely affects the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, leading to a change in established habits with a greener perspective.
2019 was the year of the launch of the company digital car pooling service in Fincantieri S.p.A. and in the Group's Italian subsidiaries. This service is designed to provide and encourage an alternative sustainable solution for home/work journeys by sharing the use of personal cars. The system makes it easy to for employees to get in touch with each other, certify the results in terms of energy and environmental savings and access a reward system that encourages participation in the initiative and helps to change established habits.
In 2019, the use of the car pooling service certified a saving of 327,000 kilometres travelled, corresponding to 42,683 kg of carbon dioxide.
With the same aim, we have completed the installation of electrical charging points at all production sites and their use has been made available to employees.
The agreement with the provider of welfare services allows for the reimbursement of season tickets issued for use on public transport.
Company policy promotes the use of public transport for work journeys whenever this is possible and does not create excessive difficulties for travel, thus avoiding recourse to car use.
We are also investing in new technologies to reduce employees' travel for work, promoting the use of video and teleconferencing.
With regard to the fleet of company cars for personal and business use, the gradual replacement of current vehicles with hybrid vehicles is planned, as is already the case with service vehicles.
In the United States Fincantieri Marinette Marine has implemented a car pooling policy. In the same vein and with the same purpose, as an alternative to using cars, areas have been made available to park bikes and, at the same time, the use of company vehicles inside the shipyards has been limited.
Greenhouse gas emissions
In 2019, our total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from direct emissions from sources owned by or under the control of the Group (Scope 1), indirect emissions from electricity consumption (Scope 2) and other indirect emission (Scope 3) amounted to 834,632 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) compared to 839,725 tCO2e in 2018.
Our energy efficiency measures and the increased use of energy from renewable sources (40%) have led to a significant reduction in indirect emissions from electricity consumption.
We constantly monitor our emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) with the aim of achieving continuous improvements in terms of impact.
To reduce CO2 emissions, starting in 2015 we implemented measures aimed at reducing leaks in the CO2 distribution network (used in welding) and we set up electrical points for ships under construction or maintenance in order to contain the need to produce energy using the onboard systems.
Similar systems have been launched at some Norwegian shipyards in the VARD group, which is equally sensitive to these issues and constantly seeks new methods to improve its operational practices and minimize the impact of emissions from its industrial activities.
In 2019, we have further expanded the reporting of other (Scope 3) emissions that refer to the procurement chain for raw materials, employee travel, water consumption, waste disposal and consumption of raw materials. The latter also include ferrous materials, which are the cause of the different breakdown and increase in emissions.
As regards the optimization of material logistics, in Italy the project to centralize delivery planning (Control Tower), launched in 2014, has the goal of managing the shipyards' delivery requests in order to reduce transport costs, improve reliability and timeliness of deliveries and reduce environmental impact. In particular, this project has enabled polluting emissions to be reduced by:
- planning deliveries using the outgoing and return formula;
- increasing vehicle saturation (combing multiple delivery requests into a single carrier).
The project led to the reduction of 1,300 journeys in 2019 (corresponding to 383,300 km) and a reduction of 256 t of CO2, equal to the average CO2 absorbed in one year by around 43 hectares of forest.
Other emissions of polluting gases
We also monitor and report on other emissions of polluting gases. The gradual conversion of all the heating networks in the Italian shipyards has involved the elimination of heavy combustibles and the introduction of methane systems, resulting in negligible sulphur oxide (SOx) emissions.
VARD and Fincantieri Marine Group have also significantly reduced (-92%) SOx emissions.
With a view to continuous improvement, the VARD group is focused on researching new approaches to contain and minimize the impact of emissions resulting from industrial activities. The group's commitment is also demonstrated by its participation, since 2008, in the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprises' NOx-Fund, whose primary objective is to reduce emissions of NOx.
Fincantieri's production sites are individually subject to environmental permits that prescribe specific limits on the maximum consumption and total emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the atmosphere. Compliance with these limits is pursued, even when production volumes are increasing, by planning a gradual replacement of the products used with alternatives with a lower solvent content and by adopting appropriate system measures to reduce emissions. These include the installation of new sandblasting and painting facilities and, most recently, the one that has been operational since 2017 at the Monfalcone shipyard that is equipped with a post-combustion system and allows the elimination of VOCs emitted during processing.
In 2019, we invested 10.5 million euros in environmental protection.
In particular, the Parent Company launched initiatives to both improve environmental impact and reduce direct and indirect atmospheric emissions.
€ 10.5 mln
for environmental protection